Blog & News
State-Based Marketplace Transition Data During the Unwinding (Cross-Post)November 17, 2023:
The following content is cross-posted from State Health & Value Strategies.
Authors: Elizabeth Lukanen, Emily Zylla, and Lindsey Theis, SHADAC
This expert perspective (EP) will be updated by SHADAC experts as additional dashboards/reports go live. Please visit the State Health & Values Strategies webpage for the most recent version of this EP.
Original publication date: August 16, 2023. Updated: November 17, 2023.
As the unwinding of the Medicaid continuous coverage requirement progresses, SHVS is closely monitoring state reporting on the impacts of redeterminations and disenrollments. There is intense interest in data that monitors transitions between Medicaid and Marketplace coverage and, more importantly, the outcomes of those transitions. State-Based Marketplaces (SBMs) play a significant role, coordinating with Medicaid agencies using a number of different strategies to ensure a smooth transition for people who no longer qualify for Medicaid, but might be eligible for a qualified health plan (QHP) offered through the Marketplace. To date, 12 of the 18 SBMs are reporting data on Marketplace transition outcomes. (Virginia, which would be the 19th SBM, launched on November 1, 2023. Virginia is not included in the total number of SBMs since it was not operating as an SBM from the beginning of the unwinding.)
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) continues to release required state data reporting metrics. On October 31, CMS released a fourth batch of data which included detailed information on Marketplace enrollment transitions. CMS reported slightly different data for states that use HealthCare.gov compared to SBMs. And among SBMs, for states with an integrated system versus those who transfer accounts between Medicaid and the Marketplace. Broadly, these data include:
- Consumers who were transferred to or applied for Marketplace coverage.
- Consumers who were eligible for a QHP or Basic Health Plan (BHP) coverage (disaggregated by those eligible for financial assistance).
- Consumers with a QHP selection or BHP enrollment.
In all cases, CMS provides both counts and percentages. Among SBM states without an integrated system, CMS provides two percentage calculations – one where the denominator is applications and one where the denominator is account transfers. This distinction is important, because using the much larger account transfers number as a denominator makes the successful rate of transitions to QHP coverage seem much smaller. While the presentation of the CMS data is clear and the availability of counts and percentages is useful, it could leave room for misinterpreting the denominator.
Data reporting and interpretation have been complicated by the announcement from CMS that 29 states and the District of Columbia have been making ex parte renewal determinations on a household, rather than an individual level, as regulations require. This includes 16 of the 18 SBMs (California and Rhode Island are in compliance). This has caused some states to pause procedural terminations, reinstate coverage, and/or implement temporary extensions for renewal.
Given the ongoing data concerns and cautions regarding state comparisons, differences in how states are managing changes to ex parte renewals and potential confusion regarding the use of different denominators, it is more important than ever for SBMs to release their own data.
SHADAC will continue to update this expert perspective as more states publish their unwinding data.
SBMs Reporting Marketplace Transition Outcome Data
Note: In some cases, SBMs publish Marketplace transition outcome data in a more ad-hoc way (e.g., in a legislative report) or in administrative documents that are hard to access (e.g., board meeting minutes). Because these data are not being systematically reported and are more difficult to access, they are not represented in the map above.
Variation in State Reporting
To date, 12 of the 18 SBMs that use their own eligibility platform are reporting outcomes for individuals who exited Medicaid and were transitioned to the Marketplace. In summary:
- Seven states are reporting whether individuals were eligible for a QHP.
- 11 states are reporting whether individuals selected a plan.
- Five states are reporting enrollment and/or eligibility broken down by whether the individual received financial assistance (e.g., advance premium tax credit or cost-sharing reduction payments).
- Three states are reporting on the demographics of people transitioning from Medicaid to Marketplace coverage.
- One state, Idaho, reports having completed its redeterminations.
Select Data Highlights
In addition to general information on transition outcomes, most of the states reporting outcome measures are providing additional information of interest, though this detail differs by state. Select data highlights are provided on the SHVS Expert Perspective .